Various trekking options in Nepal


The tiny mountainous nation of Nepal is famous for its stunning trek routes. Hordes of tourists every year flock to two main areas – the Everest region and the Annapurna region. Both regions are by far the most popular for trekking and it’s easy to see why. This article will briefly look at each region and the treks on offer.

Everest Region

Everest Base Camp trek

Made famous as the route taken by Hillary and Tenzing on their famous journey to the summit of Everest, the Base Camp trek is Nepal’s most popular trek. Following the Khumbu Valley, you begin by passing lovely cultivated fields and Sherpa villagers before heading into the mountains proper where you will see some incredible vistas and some very old Buddhist monasteries! Be sure to summit Kala Patthar as the view of Everest is the best in the region.

Gokyo Lakes trek

If you have more time, we think this is the best option in the region. Taking a similar route to begin with, the trek veers off after Namche and heads towards the three holy lakes at Gokyo. The stunning blue lakes should not be missed and neither should the wonderful vistas from atop the Cho La pass. When you come to Base Camp remember to check out the infamous Khumbu Icefall that has been so deadly to mountaineers.

Annapurna region

Annapurna Circuit trek

Considered to be one of the greatest treks in the world, it deliver a diversity of environments that is simply incredible. You begin in sub-tropical conditions in the lower meadow areas before ascending up into the more forested alpine section. Make sure to look at the stunning vistas of the Himalaya when trekking over Thorung La pass – they’re simply incredible. You then continue down into the more arid section known as the Mustang region before finishing your trek.

Poon Hill

This is the perfect option if you’re just starting out your trekking adventure. It is also a lot shorter than the Circuit trek and is a good option for people with less time in the region. The trek takes you to the summit of Poon Hill where you get fantastic views of the surrounding areas such as Annapurnas, Machhapuchchre and Dhaulagiri.

Annapurna Sanctuary trek

Slightly longer and more difficult than the Poon Hill trek the route takes a very similar path to begin with as it summits Poon Hill. After marveling at the views, the trek then heads down into a deep valley known as the ‘Sanctuary’ because of the mountains either side towering above it.

Various Route Options to Machu Picchu

machu-picchu-trails-and-routesThe most iconic and popular routes to Machu Picchu are of course on the Inca Trail. However, there are other route options. Below we have provide a summary on all the available trail options up to Machu Picchu.

The Inca Trail:
The Classic Trail: 4 days: 45km. By far the most popular route to Machu Picchu, the Classic trail is the historical pilgrimage route that has been in operation for hundreds of years. A beautiful trail with a lot of steps! Can get crowded in the dry months between May and September. To hike the classic trail you need to be with an accredited tour company and you also will need a permit. These sell out very quickly, so make sure you book months in advance.

The Short Trail: 2 days. 13km. This trail is by far the shortest to Machu Picchu and is a great option for the less energetic of trekkers.

The Salkantay (combo) trail: 6 days. 65km. The ultimate Inca Trail! Combines both trails so you get the classic Inca trail feeling along with mountain scenery!

Alternative Routes:

The Lares Trail: 4 days. 33. This little hiked trek is a fantastic way to get away from the hustle and bustle of the Inca Trail! You’ll be able to get to know the local culture and meet the locals.

Choquequirao – 9 days, 69km trek: The Choquequirao ruins are brilliant and should not be missed! This is one of the few treks that can be shortened or lengthened depending on your energy levels. As this is the longest trek up to Machu Picchu it is probably best attempted in the dry season from May to September.

Huchuy Qosko – 3 days, 20km trek: Fairly short and easy going, this trek is best hiked between May and September. It offers up beautiful scenery and the Huchuy Qosko ruins should be visited if possible!

The Salkantay Trail: 5 days. 55km. As it is generally at high altitude this a fairly difficult trek. Like the Lares trail, the Salkantay trail is fairly crowd free. The reward for this high altitude trek is getting up close to see Nevada Salkantay.

The Vilcabamba Trail: 5 days. 62km. Vilcabamba is the toughest trek to Machu Picchu and is therefore for experienced backpackers. The trail offers up amazing scenery!

The Junge Trail: 4 days. 60km (cycle) 15km (trek). If you’re a thrill seeker then this is the trek for you! The trail has a long and fast downhill cycle trail, zipwire and rafting! Sound like you?

See here for a complete overview on Machu Picchu hikes.

To book your Machu Picchu trek with a great little operator, see Kandoo Adventures.

How to get to Kilimanjaro!

flights-to-kilimanjaro-airportOkay, so you have decided to climb the Roof of Africa, Mount Kilimanjaro, the highest mountain on the African continent and the tallest free-standing mountain in the world!

Apart from all the required preparation of getting fit, securing your gear, travel insurance and visas, one of the key things to plan for is how you are going to get to Kilimanjaro.

In this article we talk about flights to Kilimanjaro, and ways you can ease the burden on your wallet.

First off we have some good news and some bad news.

Let’s get the bad news out the way.

There are not many direct flights to Kilimanjaro, and there are none from the UK or US. There I’ve said it!

The good news is there are a few options to get to Kilimanjaro International Airport.

The most convenient and often affordable choice for travellers from the US, UK and Europe is to fly to Amsterdam and then catch a direct flight to Kilimanjaro International Airport with KLM. This route departs daily at around 10am and arrives in Kilimanjaro around 8pm.

If you can’t get to Amsterdam then it is possible to fly into neighbouring airports in Kenya (Nairobi) or Ethiopia (Addis Adaba), and then catch a short connecting flight to Kilimanjaro International Airport (JRO). These options are great if you are flying from Southern Africa, South America or Australia. The only downside is that delays on these routes are common. More of a concern on these routes is the frequent reported issues of lost or delayed baggage. To avoid any upset we recommend wearing your hiking boots and carrying all critical gear in your carry-on luggage. In the unlikely event that your baggage is lost or delayed you can at least rent or hire some items to begin your climb on time.

Other direct routes to Kilimanjaro include a Qatar Airways flight via Doha and a Turkish Airlines flight via Istanbul. Both these flights do not occur daily and have relatively long delays and unsociable flight times. In the case of the latter the flight leaves Istanbul at 2am and departs Kilimanjaro at 3am.

Finally it is possible to fly British Airways via Nairobi to Kilimanjaro.

If you are planning to visit Zanzibar we recommend booking an open jaw ticket which has you flying out of Dar Es Salaam.

For more information on flights to Kilimanjaro Airport see here.

For information on our recommended Kilimanjaro tour operator see here.

Your clothes for Everest Base Camp and Annapurna Circuit in detail

annapurna-packing-listHere are details of the clothes you will need on a trek to Everest Base Camp or the Annapurna Circuit. Many items will be available in Kathmandu, Lukla, Pokhara or Namche Bazaar, but genuine labels will not be and cheaper equipment will often be insufficient for the kind of cold to which you can look forward.

Layering is crucial as the weather can change radically along with the altitude. Lukla is at 9,383 feet and Kala Patthar, 18,373 feet. There are also the seasons to consider. There are three layers for you to think about.

Here is the packing list for clothes on the EBC and packing list for Annapurna Circuit.

The base, first or next-to-skin layer is highly important at the higher reaches of the trek but will likely see little use at other times. If this layer fits tight to the skin, airflow is reduced. It should be of high-wicking material to enable moisture to escape.

The second, insulation layer is best constructed of fleece material. You may be able to live without a second layer for your legs. For your torso, a Polartec 200 Fleece Jacket is lightweight, warm and breathable. The 100 range is too light and the 300 range, too heavy.

The third, outer core layer comprises a warm, waterproof jacket and trousers which are indispensable at the higher reaches. A top-of-the-range option is the North Face Nuptse Jacket while the North Face Resolve Jacket is more affordable. Think of the Nuptse as a lifetime investment – it will last for years. Trousers should be warm, fleece-insulated ski pants as supplied by Helly Hansen, O’Neills and Trepass.

In addition to these three layers, you will also benefit from trekking shorts for the evenings. Rain might be encountered, particularly around the rainy season from June to September, so bring lightweight rain gear or, at the very least, a poncho. Jeans are to be avoided as they take an age to dry out and are uncomfortable for trekking. Cotton is to be shunned because it absorbs moisture.

There is also the matter of headwear. You cannot contemplate this trek without a hat that protects the head and neck against the sun. It should be light and capable of fitting inside your daypack. A beanie, otherwise known as a headband, will be appreciated when it grows cold in the late afternoon or early evening, particularly as you draw closer to Base Camp. Berghaus and North Face are very reputable suppliers. Sunglasses with a minimum of 80 percent light reduction are another must-have, for example those by Julbo.

Gloves are necessary. Outer gloves should be ultra-warm, waterproof and durable, for instance Dakine’s Gore-Tex gloves. Inner gloves ought to be lightweight and quick dry, like Pearl Izumi’s Thermal Lite Gloves, which can be used without outer gloves if the weather is not too severe.

Your feet are what will get you to Base Camp and back again. Boots should fit correctly or blisters, lost nails and sore feet will follow. The test is placing your foot in the boot with the laces untied and then sliding it to the front; you should be able to insert a single finger down the back of the boot. Full leather boots have a tendency to be too heavy. Trainers can be worn in-camp. Not to be forgotten are four or five pairs of trekking socks, with Coolmax being one provider. A further two pairs of thermal socks will be used on the colder days near Base Camp. Smartwool thermal socks are an example.

Get further issues on trekking in Nepal from TAAN.

The Clothes to Bring on the Inca Trail

machu-picchu-packing-listThe Incas were highly-organised and created many paths throughout the Andes, which network they named Qhapaq Ñan. The most famous stretch is Camino Inca – the Inca Trail. The vast majority of people accomplish this trek in four days, walking for between six and nine hours a day for the first three days and around two hours on the final day. After passing sparse alpine meadows, dense, damp tropical jungle and freezing mountain passes, the trek ends at the magnificent Incan ruins of Machu Picchu. You could alternate from perspiring in a jungle to getting caught in a shower of rain to braving a freak snowstorm. If you were to ever undertake this most memorable journey, what clothes should you bring?

The key is to have clothes for all the conditions you may encounter, ranging from the intensely hot equatorial sun to cold mountain nights, while minimising weight. Hence you should make like an onion and dress in layers rather than one thick woolly pully. An example configuration is zip-off trousers, a fleece jacket and a T-shirt. Warm clothing for nights is essential. Most clothes can be purchased in most Peruvian cities that see many tourists, including fine and cheap alpaca jumpers. Warm and inexpensive locally-made hand-woven mitts can be bought in Cuzco.

You will want a hat not only to protect you from the sun during the day but also for when you sleep, to preserve your precious bodily heat. Ideally, it should cover your neck. Thermal underwear is a must-have. You will need six T-shirts – one for each day and two in case you get wet. You should have two pairs of lightweight long trousers, one short- and one long-sleeved shirt and a pair of shorts. If you intend to swim at the hot pools of the town of Aguas Calientes, pack a swimsuit. Towels can be hired. Let us not forget the underwear.

Walking so much, footwear is critical. It should be sufficiently sturdy to withstand the trek – you do not want it to fall apart. Boots should be comfortable and lightweight and provide good ankle support. Do not rush out to buy new boots, because worn-in boots are more comfortable. Given the near-inevitability of rain, waterproofing may be worthwhile. Somehow, porters get by with old shoes with holes that appear to offer little in the way of support or grip, but you are not likely to exhibit so much endurance.

Cotton is to be avoided as it absorbs perspiration, hindering evaporation and so remaining damp. Cotton socks for one are to be shunned rudely. If socks contain the Coolmax brand of polyester, nylon or Merino wool, they will have wicking properties, aiding evaporation. Liner socks are an option.

There is usually some rain on the trail throughout the year, and you do not want to be hiking for hours in wet clothing. If you can ignore the fact that you think you look silly, a poncho is ideal. A cagoule will keep you dry – but not your daypack. Cheap, throwaway ponchos that cover everything including your daypack can be acquired in Cuzco for about one dollar. Some people go so far as to take waterproof trousers, but a poncho covers most of your legs.

It is best to not wear clothes that are brightly coloured or sport logos, as this marks you out as a tourist. Cuzco and the Inca Trail are tourist-friendly, but you would still prefer not to attract that sort of attention.

You will sustain karmic benefit if you bring clothing that is used to the point of being worn out, as it can be donated to the guides and porters. Examples include outerwear, gloves and mittens, socks, pile clothing, tops and bottoms, long underwear and even gaiters.

And finally, do not forget the shades.

Click here for a complete Packing List for the Inca Trail

The Inca Trail to Machu Picchu

machu-picchu-trek-inca-trailMachu Picchu is an incredible archaeological site. Recognised as a UNESCO World Heritage Site and voted as a finalist in the New Seven Wonders of the World, the Inca site is thought to have been built in the mid 15th Century as an estate to the Inca emperor at that time.

The site was abandoned by the Incas about a century later due to the Spanish Conquest, and only later discovered by American historian Hiram Bingham in 1911.

Since then Machu Picchu has received world prominence and is visited by 100,000s of tourists every year – so many that the Peruvian government have implemented regulations that restrict access to 2,500 visitors a day.

There are a number of trails to Machu Picchu. The most popular and famous is the Classic Inca Trail that lasts between two days at the shortest to five days at the longest. Permits on the Classic Inca trail are limited to 500 a day (half of which are taken by guides and porters who support trekkers).

Alternative routes to Machu Picchu are fast becoming popular though. The Salkantay is probably the second most popular trail, that also offers trekkers the opportunity to intersect and join up with the Classic trail. The Salkantay typically takes six to seven days.

The Lares and the Vilcabamba are less popular routes, but just as authentic. In fact the latter is the route taken to the real ‘Lost City of the Incas’, Vilcabamba.

Lares provides trekkers with a great opportunity to see local Andean communities that have managed to maintain the authenticity of their ancient cultures.

Once at Machu Picchu you might want to consider climbing Huayna Picchu, the large mountain behind the ruins, that provides an incredible view over the city and the Sacred Valley below. The climb is steep and tough, but totally doable. Make sure to get permits early for this opportunity as there are only 400 available per day.

Here are various trails available for the Machu Picchu Trek or click here for detailed information on the region.

Kilimanjaro Gear – everything that you need to take in one place

kilimanjaro-gearThis segment covers what type of gear you need to bring on your Kilimanjaro adventure, Tanzania entry requirements passport & visa, vaccinations and immunizations, plus travel insurance.

You may bring personal gear or you can buy or rent from the many tour operators in Moshi and Arusha. Communal equipment like tents, food, cooking items, etc. are usually provided by tour operators.

Below is a gear list of necessary items you need to bring, as well as some optional stuff that you can carry on your Kilimanjaro trekking adventures.

See this in-depth article for a complete Kilimanjaro packing list.

Technical Clothing

1. Water-resistant Jacket with hood
2. Insulated Jacket
3. Soft Jacket, fleece or soft-shell
4. Long Sleeve Shirt, light-weight, moisture-wicking fabric
5. Short Sleeve Shirt, light-weight, moisture-wicking fabric
6. Rainproof Pants, breathable, side-zipper suggested
7. Mountaineering Pants (adaptable to shorts suggested)
8. Fleece Pants
9. Shorts (non-compulsory)
10. Long Underwear Underwear, briefs (moisture-wicking fabric recommended)
11. Sport Bra (women)


1. Brimmed Hat, for sun guard
2. Knit Hat, for warmness
3. Balaclava, for face coverage (non-compulsory)
4. Bandana (non-compulsory)


1. Gloves, warm (water-resistant suggested)
2. Glove Liners, thin, synthetic, worn under gloves for added warmth (non-compulsory)


1. Hiking Boots, warm, water-resistant, broken-in, with spare laces
2. Gym Shoes, to wear at camp site (non-compulsory)Socks, thick, wool or synthetic
3. Sock Liners, tight, thin, synthetic, worn under socks to prevent blisters (non-compulsory)
4. Gaiters, waterproof (non-compulsory)


1. Sunglasses or Goggles
2. Backpack Cover, waterproof (non-compulsory)
3. Poncho, during rainy season (non-compulsory)
4. Water Bottle (Nalgene, 32 oz. recommended)
5. Water Bladder, Camelbak type (recommended)
6. Towel, lightweight, quick-dry (non-compulsory)
7. Pee Bottle, to avoid leaving tent at night (recommended)
8. Stuff Sacks or Plastic Bags, various sizes, to keep gear dry and separate


1. Sleeping Bag, warm, four seasons
2. Sleeping Bag Liner, for added warmth (non-compulsory)
3. Trekking Poles (recommended)
4. Head lamp, with extra batteries
5. Duffel bag, for porters to carry your equipment
6. Daypack, for you to carry your personal gear


1. Toiletries
2. Medications – aspirin, paracetamol, ibuprofen
3. Sunscreen
4. Lip Balm
5. Insect Repellent, containing DEET
6. First Aid Kit
7. Hand Sanitizer
8. Toilet Paper
9. Wet Wipes (recommended)
10. Snacks, light-weight, high calorie, high energy (optional)
11. Pencil and Notebook, miniature, for trip log (optional)
12. Camera, with extra batteries (optional) – I suggest taking a GoPro, as you can connect it to your head or body to have your hands-free and it is super light, not to mention amazing. Check out these GoPro Kilimanjaro videos.


1. Trip Receipt
2. Passport
3. Visa (available at JRO)
4. Immunization Papers
5. Insurance Documents

I always advise shopping online for all of your gear needs because prices tend to be lower online. A frequent error made by trekkers is over-packing, try stay as light as possible for Mount Kilimanjaro.

See these online retailers and recommendation stores:

Mountain Hardwear, Kilimanjaro kit reviews and recommendations

Insurance for Climbing Kilimanjaro

insurance-kilimanjaroClimbing Kilimanjaro is a once in a lifetime experience. But because Kili’s summit sits at 5,895 meters, risks associated with trekking the mountain are pretty high. For this reason alone you should definitely consider getting Kilimanjaro travel insurance. In this short article I have outlined what thing you need to look for in an insurance providers. You can read a much more detailed article on travel insurance for Kilimanjaro here – Kilimanjaro Travel Insurance

The biggest risk you face is altitude sickness, or acute mountain sickness. This occurs when you go to altitude too fast, and can be fatal. The incidence of altitude sickness on Kilimanjaro is rather high as the ascent profile is rapid and doesn’t give much time for acclimatization.

The type of insurance coverage that you need for Kili needs to cover you for trekking or hiking up to 6,000 meters. If it doesn’t cover you up to this altitude you will need to shop around for other providers who can help with a policy that does.

Three key things on the policy to look out for, over and above cover for trekking up to 6,000 meters are:

1. Emergency evacuation and medical cover: Should anything thing go wrong whilst on the mountain or indeed abroad in Tanzania, you will want to ensure that you policy covers you for emergency evacuation and medical cover. There is usually an excess on this and you may need to keep hospital receipts to prove the costs of treatment / emergency services

2. Theft: Theft is an obvious concern. You will be carry lots of valuable items, including your trekking clothing, a sleeping bag and audio visual equipment. Tanzania is a developing country where theft is a high possibility. Make sure you policy covers theft, loss and damage to baggage. The latter is a possibility in terms of baggage getting lost or damaged on your flight to or from Tanzania

3. Delay, interruptions, cancellation and financial default: Flight delays and interruptions are a common problem when travelling. This can inadvertently set back your trekking tour and cost you money. Moreover, flight cancellation or indeed tour cancellation due to illness ect does sometimes occur. Make sure that you are financially covered for these issues under your travel insurance policy. Finally, tour operator default occasionally happens – ensure your policy includes cover for this.

The UK post office has interesting information on travel insurance, as does – see here

But in terms of an authoritative resource on travel insurance for Kilimanjaro I suggest reading this guys in-depth article:

As always be safe and have fun!

Работа на дому – земля обетованная

работа-на-дому-babyПочему я так назвала этот материал, работа на дому – земля обетованная, спросите вы, а вот почему.

Познакомившись с Марком, я поняла, что моя жизнь перевернется, и не только в романтическом плане, но и в плане образа жизни.

Нет, он не великий спортсмен, его не показывают по телевизору и он не супер знаменитость, работающая в цирке. Он просто работает сам на себя, не слушает боссов, не планирует райского отдыха на пенсионные накопления. Он движется.

Он не сидит в офисе с девяти до пяти в ожидании поездки на метро домой, на ужин, просмотр фильмов и сна. Он работает каждый день, но при этом никогда не выходит на работу.

На нашем первом свидании он спросил, чем я занимаюсь. Я рассказала про свою работу в медицинском исследовательском институте, где я писала материалы для прессы, пытаясь помочь людям, страдающим артритом. Я также рассказала, что еще работая на ООН я планировала открыть свое редакторское агентство, для работы с благотворительными и политическими организациями.

Он посмеялся и показал мне свой айфон, вернее сайты, которые он вел параллельно работая на консалтинговое агентство. Оказывается, он начал свое дело пока еще работал, а я планировала накопить немного средств, чтобы уйти с работы и только тогда начать свой бизнес, работа на дому.

Повстречавшись несколько месяце, съездив вместе в отпуск, мы решили бросить работу и Лондон и уехал жить там, где потеплее климат, а стоимость жизни гораздо ниже.

Так Марк переехал во Вьетнам в сентябре прошлого года, а я доработала еще два месяца и присоединилась к нему в ноябре.

Тогда же я и создала свое бутиковое агентство для редакции и переводов текстов. И первые два месяца жизни в Сайгоне, южной столице Вьетнама, у меня полностью ушли на поиск клиентов.

И в январе я нашла своего первого контрактного клиента. После недель страданий и бесконечного написание электронных писем, которые, казалось, улетали в какую-то черную дыру для всех никому не нужных писем, я была просто на седьмом небе.

Тем, кто уже начал свое дело, хорошо понятно это чувство. Но тем, кто еще сомневается, и предпочитает всеми одобренный зомбированный мир корпоративного труда, поясню: это чувство, как будто ты все время падала, летела вниз, медленно, безболезненно, размерено, с небольшими страхами и стрессами, и, наконец, рухнула в траву. Теперь у тебя под ногами, не чье-то неизвестное небо, а твоя теплая и неповторимая земля.

Мое пособие о том, как начать работа на дому здесь:

Go Green Ideas Made Simple

go-green-ideasSo you are looking to improve your environmental credentials as an organisation but need some useful and practical go green ideas to get your started.

Well you have come to the right place.

In this article I have outline ten go green ideas that are super affordable and will make sure that they help reduce your carbon footprint whilst saving you money on energy and resources.

Don’t believe me?

Well check them out.

10. Implement a recycling scheme that doesn’t just address paper recycling but goes after the whole waste chain. Yip, your recycling scheme should include cardboard, ink cartridges, CDs, batteries, glass, plastics and compostables.

9. Whilst you at it with your recycling why don’t you invest in a waste to energy incineration service for your residual waste.

8. Staying on the recycling scheme, to ensure high levels of adoption in your organisation it is important that you remove those tempting personal bins and provide central recycling facilities that have segregated compartments for waste.

7. Moving onto lighting you should check that your office space is not overlit, most are. Find places that are super bright and delamp some bulbs. An immediate saving with no cost!

6. Identify lights that are inefficient and then research alternative energy efficient bulbs that you can trial as a replacement. A good example is replacing 50W halogens with 35W alternatives

5. Run a switch off campaign to get staff to switch off lights and computers that are left on during the evenings and weekends

4. Install automatic shutdown plugs that turn off dormant equipment or idle computers / printers. Super cheap to buy with big savings

3. Invest in a green web hosting service by switching your current supplier to a green energy web hosting company

2. Turn off your AC on days where natural ventilation in the office is more than sufficient. This saves energy, money and will make the office a more comfortable and productive place to work.

1. Invest in carbon offset to neutralise any emissions in your carbon footprint that you cannot reduce with the actions above.

I hope you have found at least one go green idea here. If not click here for further go green ideas.